Maryland Department of Natural Resources

Proposing a New Name or a Name Change for a Geographic Feature in the U.S.

The Maryland Geological Survey is sometimes asked how to go about officially naming a geographic feature, such as a stream, lake, wetland, or hill. There is an established authority and a set procedure to follow for proposing a name or a name change to such features.

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) is authorized to establish and maintain uniform geographic name usage throughout the Federal Government. It is part of the U.S. Geological Survey, and its decisions are binding on all Federal agencies. The individual States generally follow suit. Any person or organization, public or private, may make inquiries or request the Board to render formal decisions on proposed new names, name changes, or name conflicts.

If you want to propose a name or name change, start by going to the Board’s website at There, you will find several links to follow.

Once a name is established, it is entered into the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The GNIS contains information about almost 2 million physical and cultural geographic features in the United States and its territories. The Federally recognized name of each feature described in the database is identified, and references are made to a feature's location by State, county, and geographic coordinates. The GNIS is our Nation's official repository of domestic geographic names information. Anyone may search the database by going to, then clicking on “Search Domestic Names”, "Search Foreign Names", or " Search Antarctic Names".

Communications concerning the Board, domestic geographic names, or names in Antarctica should be addressed to:

Roger L. Payne
Executive Secretary
U.S. Board on Geographic Names
U.S. Geological Survey
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive
523 National Center
Reston, Virginia 20192

A printable version of FactSheet 16 is available in Adobe Acrobat PDF format

Prepared by Jim Reger
Compiled by the Maryland Geological Survey, 2300 St. Paul Street, Baltimore, MD 21218
This electronic version of "FactSheet No.16" was prepared by R.D. Conkwright, Division of Coastal and Estuarine Geology, Maryland Geological Survey. Please send comments on this page to Dale Shelton (