Asked Questions About Rose
by Dennis Whitzel. (adapted from the May-June 2000 MRS Newsletter)
Click here to download this FAQ in Adobe Acrobat PDF format.
Propagating you favorite roses from cuttings is easy and fun. However, be sure you are not violating any patents by increasing your roses by vegitative cuttings. Many modern roses are covered by patents and any form of reproduction is prohibited.
|1. What materials and tools are needed for cuttings|
|2. How do I take rose bush cuttings?|
Take cuttings from stems that have flowered,
just after the petals have fallen, but before new growth begins from the
leaf buds. Cuttings should contain about four to six nodes (leaf buds).
Trim about one-half inch above the top node and the same below the bottom
node. Remove leaves from the lower half of each cutting. Leave two or
three at the top (cuttings with leaves tend to root more successfully).
|3. How do I plant the cuttings?|
Fill the pot with medium to about one inch from the top. Insert several clean bamboo stakes or other props in the center of the pot to keep the plastic bag from resting directly on the cuttings. Make holes in the medium with a pencil. Each hole should be large enough to insert a cutting without scraping off the rooting hormone and deep enough to insert it about half its length. Place the cutting in the hole you just made. Firm the medium around the cutting.
|This cutting is covered with a plastic bag to maintain
high humdity, preventing the cutting from wilting.
|4. What about watering and feeding my new cuttings?|
Water the cuttings gently but thoroughly to settle
them in (excessive watering will wash out some of the rooting hormone). Insert
the plant label and place the bag over the cuttings, gather it around
the rim of the pot, and fasten with the twist tie. Using a pencil, punch
about six small holes in the plastic bag for ventilation. Enlarge the
holes if there is too much condensation inside the bag. If there is no
condensation, close off some of the holes with tape. Humidity inside the
bag must be high.
|5. What do I do when the cuttings begin to leaf out?|
In a few weeks, the new leaf buds will begin. If this growth continues to develop and/or roots appear at the drainage holes, then cuttings have begun to root. After about six to eight weeks, cuttings should be rooted well enough to pot individually. Keep them protected in pots until they have made good growth and then plant them out in the garden. I usually heel the pots in a protected area or cold frame for the first winter and then plant them in their permanent spot in the spring.
|updated April 30, 2003|