|Geology:||(click on an image for a larger view)|
Winders No. 1 is developed in the Tomstown Dolomite dipping 18º W. and striking N. 10º E. A feature of interest is the portions of "conglomerate ceiling" in the main room. Large and small rounded rocks cemented by a brown matrix cover the ceiling in places, with delicate white soda straw stalactites growing from the material. This conglomerate is a remnant stream deposit which at one time completely filled the chamber. Subsequent partial removal of this fill somehow left parts of it on the ceiling. It is quite stable and poses no danger of collapse. It is interesting to note that Jugtown Cave (1/2 mile northwest of Winders Cave) may be related through the occurrence of identical stream gravel in its low gradient water channel at the present time.
On the east flank
of a wooded ridge southwest of Jugtown are two small caves. The entrance
to Cave No. 1 is an 8-foot vertical shaft followed by a tight corkscrew
passage which drops in several steps to a point 25 feet below the surface.
A passage 6 feet high and wide is entered here. Thirty feet to the north,
the channel terminates in a clay bank. The ceiling at this point displays
well developed solutional grooves (anastomes) indicative of phreatic development.
South of the entrance shaft the passage enters the main room 100
feet long and approximately 20 feet wide. It is well decorated with a
variety of speleothems in places. The room ends in breakdown In the middle
of the room a small crawlway beneath a rock shelf on the west side slopes
sharply downward to a small room with two clay pits, both 6 feet deep.
At the bottom of one is an opening to 60 feet of muddy crawlway leading
to two connected breakdown rooms about 20 feet in diameter.
(from ES3 -Caves of Maryland)
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